CONSERVATION SCIENCE AFRICA

Last Updated: 16.02.2015                                                                        MADE WITH SERIF                                                                                      Design: P Kockott

Promoting Conservation through Community Development

The recent inclusion of REDD (Reduced Emissions from Degradation and Deforestation) into activities eligible for carbon trading is a positive development that recognises that forest destruction accounts for at least 20% of global carbon emissions.


Africa’s Miombo eco-region covers parts of nine countries of Southern Africa namely: Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.


This eco-region is endowed with forests and woodlands that cover about 39% of the total land area and are home to exceptional plant and animal biodiversity that include flagship species such as elephant and rhino.


These Miombo woodlands and their fringe areas play an important role in reducing global warming through carbon sequestration, as they are significant sinks of carbon dioxide. These areas, therefore, have potential to alleviate and balance carbon emissions from industrialised countries.


A significant proportion of forest diversity in the Miombo Eco-Region resides outside protected areas, and falls under the custodianship of local communities who depend on it for survival.


Benefits of climate change mitigation through avoided deforestation and degradation therefore should accrue to such communities for them to use woodland resources on a sustainable basis. This provides an important incentive for the Payment for Eco-systems Services (PES) principle.


Africa suffering from global warming, with its economies being sensitive to climate change, underscores the need to maintain as much woodland cover as possible. REDD initiatives can help alleviate and reverse the process.

REDD Initiatives


REDD Project Modus Operandi

The REDD projects will be set up using the Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA) and the Voluntary Carbon Standard for validation and verification. Avoided deforestation and degradation will be the REDD methodology used to generate carbon credits.


This REDD methodology is based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changes’ 2006 Guidelines for National GHG Inventories for Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (IPCC 2006 GL for AFOLU) and the Voluntary Carbon Standard Guidance for Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Projects).


The rates of deforestation will be reduced in project areas by creating alternative livelihoods in the fields of conservation, organic farming, wildlife utilisation, and eco-tourism.


Public, Private Partnerships will be used to establish the REDD Project, with possible participants including, but not limited to:


The host country’s Government (for conservation and economic benefits) Donors (aid for sustainable development) Conservation initiatives (for biodiversity support) Private enterprise (for conservation businesses and tourism ventures) Buyers (for the carbon credits)